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linux

22
Feb

Resize Multiple Images

ImageMagick

I am sure you would have come to a situation when you would have to resize multiple images say you copied 200 images from your Digital Camera and now need to upload them and need to resize them all, now doing this using GIMP would take ages here is a easy way.

Step 1) Install ImageMagick

sudo apt-get install imagemagick

Step 2) Change to the Directory where all Images are Present

Step 3)

a) If you need to reduce images to a specific Percentage

mogrify -resize 20% -format jpg *

b) If you need to reduce to Specific Width & Height

mogrify -resize 800x600 -format jpg *

c) If you need to reduce to Specific Width

mogrify -resize 1024x -format jpg *

Further Reading Click Here !!!

8
Nov

List of Users in a Group (getent)

Managing users & groups since long but have you ever looked/reviewed the list of users present in a Specific Group after adding them, so here is a single line command for my lazy sysadmins :)

$ getent group | awk -F: '{print $4}'

you may use this when doing a security audit.

24
Aug

Restore GRUB 2

Restore GRUB 2

In most of the systems GRUB is now upgraded to 2.0 and with this update the old restore process have also changed now there is no grub command :) available.

If you have lost the Bootloader after a routine reinstall or due to any other reason try the following to restore

Boot Using a Live CD and try the following as root

grub-setup -d /media/XXXXX/boot/grub -m /media/YYYYY/boot/grub/device.map /dev/sda

Where XXXXX represents the root partition and YYYYY represents the partition holding the /boot in case you dont have a seperate partition for /boot then XXXX and YYYY would be be the same. /dev/sda may change depending on the system you are using.

Please note this would erase the current bootloader and install a new one for you if you are unsure of what you are doing do not try this

2
Oct

Where .deb files are stored in Ubuntu ?

We always hear people saying ubuntu works well only when you have a strong internet connection as the Install CD doesn't contain all the packages required agreed now a CD cannot contain all the packages you require so you need to download the packages but there is a clear misunderstanding among new users that they always need to download these packages, Its essential to download them once but if you are reinstalling ubuntu on new machine you need not download these packages all over again if you have installed required packages on one of the machine you can use the content of below listed directory for installation

/var/cache/apt/archives

this directory contains the debian packages download by the apt-get :)

so have fun reuse the content for each install and save time and bandwidth

29
Aug

Hosting a Website from Local Machine

I am sure you would have thought atleast once of hosting your website from your machine itself, if not the website atleast a sandbox version of it as it would be comparatively easy for you to maintain it so i discuss the steps you need to follow to achieve this, first lets go through the requirements, in this post i am talking about small sized sites a minor modified version of this post is applicable for large sites as well.

Requirements

1) A really broad Internet Connection.
2) A Static IP
3) A High End Machine (if the site you are hosting is pretty static a lower end machine is sufficient to be more clear a dynamic personal blog kind of site will also never need more than 1000 Mb of RAM unless you are the Top blogger of the country)
4) Server Software (Apache preferred)
5) A Database Server (if needed, mysql/postgresql recommended)
6) Scripting Support (might be PHP. perl, python as per the requirements)

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